Frequently Asked Questions
CBD use has become increasingly popular over the last couple of years as a natural alternative. Here, we’ll answer some of the most pressing questions related to CBD.
CBD is short for Cannabidiol and is one of over 120 active chemical compounds known as cannabinoids in the Cannabis plant. CBD is the most abundant cannabinoid in hemp varieties. CBD is a non-intoxicating component of the cannabis plant with enormous therapeutic potential. CBD has many health benefits, without producing the psychoactive, “euphoric” effects of THC. “Relaxing but not intoxicating” is how many people have described the effect.
Researchers are currently studying the efficacy of CBD on a wide range of conditions including chronic pain, insomnia, PTSD, anxiety, epilepsy, dementia and more.
CB1 and CB2 receptors are two known receptors.
CB1 receptors are in the central nervous system and in some peripheral tissues. Affect appetite, muscle control, pain, cognition, thermoregulation, and our stress response.
CB2 receptors are found in immune cells primarily, and at a lower density in the central nervous system. Affect immune function, immune cell proliferation, inflammation, and pain.
There are more cannabinoid receptors being examined.
In the US, the legal definition of “industrial hemp,” (as defined in Section 7606 of the Agricultural Appropriations Act of 2014), is “the plant Cannabis sativa L. and any part of such plant, whether growing or not, with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol concentration of not more than 0.3 percent on a dry weight basis.”
There are two varieties of Cannabis, Sativa and Indica. Hemp is Cannabis Sativa and marijuana is Cannabis Indica and crosses of Indica and Sativa. Hemp is considered “industrial” under current regulations, and is defined as any cannabis plant having less than 0.3% THC.
All CBD-based products come from the industrial hemp plant. Hemp is considered all variety of cannabis that contains high quantities of CBD and less than 0.3% of THC. If a hemp plant contains more than 0.3% THC, it is then technically considered a marijuana.
No, CBD will not get you high. It’s non-intoxicating. CBD has a different functional group that is non-intoxicating. Research shows CBD can act as an antagonistic to THC and prevent THC from binding to CB-1 receptors in the brain.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has many health benefits, without producing the psychoactive, “euphoric” effects of THC. “Relaxing but not intoxicating” is how some people have described the effect.
You should make sure the company you’re buying from is reputable and that the product was made from industrial hemp with less than 0.3% THC content with Certificates of Analysis (CoA).
Full Spectrum: Also known as whole-plant CBD extract, full-spectrum CBD extract is a mix of CBD, other cannabinoids, cannabis-derived terpenes, and flavonoids. Federally legal full-spectrum products will always have less than 0.3 percent THC. Full-spectrum CBD is less processed and more natural, and the products also contain flavonoids and terpenes, which are beneficial compounds that provide unique scents and flavors.
Broad Spectrum: Contains a similar spectrum of all of the cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids, but has undergone further processing to remove the THC.
Isolate: Often known as raw CBD, isolate has had all other cannabinoids and terpenes stripped away until all that’s left is a crystalline powder of pure CBD. To create an oil, crystalline CBD powder is usually mixed with a carrier oil such as coconut or olive oil. CBD isolates with a purity range of 99.9% and above won’t have trace amounts of THC, whereas a CBD isolate of 99.5% and below may still have traces of THC.
There are more than 120 naturally occurring cannabinoids known to exist in the hemp plant. Hemp’s other promising cannabinoids, including Cannabigerol (CBG), Cannabichromene (CBC), and cannabinol (CBN) are only a few examples of other cannabinoids that have shown to have health benefits.
Unlike CBD oil, tinctures contain low potency of CBD. Tinctures have a long shelf life and dosage varies from user to user. CBD tinctures have a higher bioavailability as compared to CBD oil. It is due to the presence of alcohol in tinctures.
Full-spectrum extracts, maintain the full profile of the hemp plant being extracted and will contain a variety of cannabinoids, including CBGa, CBG, Δ9-THCa, Δ9-THC, CBDa, CBD, CBN, CBC, and Δ8-THC, just to name a few. There are other compounds as well such as terpenes and flavonoids which gives the plant and extract its smell and taste.
We formulate our products using high quality CBD concentrate diluted to precise concentrations with oils like coconut, olive, or hemp seed and in some cases a flavoring.
Full Spectrum Hemp Extracts are taken sublingually, by placing a dose under the tongue and held there for 30-60seconds, where it is absorbed through the mucous membrane in the mouth. To better understand what you’re taking read the label and look for milligrams per milliliter (mg/mL). This is the amount of CBD in each dropper full.
The 2018 Farm Bill, signed into law by President Donald Trump on Dec. 20, 2018, legalized industrial hemp, which must contain less than 0.3% THC according to federal guidelines. Only CBD oil derived from hemp is considered federally legal.
The 2018 Farm Bill provides support, certainty, and stability to our nation’s farmers, ranchers, and forest managers by enhancing farm support programs, improving crop insurance, maintaining disaster programs, and promoting and supporting voluntary conservation.
The bill legalizes the cultivation and sale of hemp at the federal level, effective January 1, 2019. This will have important ramifications not only for the hemp industry in the United States, but also for business involving cannabidiol (CBD).
As a result of the 2018 Farm Bill farmers in the U.S. can now grow hemp under certain regulated situations. The USDA National Organic Program (NOP) has also confirmed that hemp managed organically can be certified organic.
There is more legislation pending. Some want to expand on the farm bill definition. While other legislation looks to legalize Cannabis nationally.
“Federal law prohibits U.S. farmers from cultivating hemp as a commercial crop, but the sale of imported, low-THC, industrial hemp products is permitted in the United States.” Technically, this means that as long as the CBD product (oil, vape, topical, etc) is produced from the seeds and stalk of the industrial hemp plant (with less than 0.3% THC), it is permissible to buy, sell, and ship across state lines. All in all, the fact remains that millions of people buy and use CBD products every day of their lives, and this option is only getting more popular and widespread with each passing day.
cGMP refers to the Current Good Manufacturing Practice, a standard set by the FDA. cGMP provides guidance for a systematic approach that assures proper design, monitoring, and control of manufacturing processes and facilities. Adherence to cGMP standards assures the identity, strength, quality, and purity of products by requiring that manufacturers of adequately control manufacturing operations. This includes establishing strong quality management systems, obtaining appropriate quality raw materials, establishing robust operating procedures, detecting and investigating product quality deviations, and maintaining reliable testing laboratories.
A Certificate of Analysis, or CoA, is a document from an accredited laboratory that shows the quantity of various cannabinoids in a product. Manufacturers should send every batch of every product they make to a lab for testing, to protect their customers and prove that their products have as much CBD as they advertise.
The Certificate of Analysis, or CoA, helps ensure that a manufacturer’s products are made to specification, and indicates the quantity of cannabinoids found in each product, like CBD. In addition to cannabinoids, this certificate should show details on the levels of heavy metals, pesticides, solvents, and THC found in an individual batch of products. COAs are meant to keep customers safe and informed, but they also help emphasize quality.
USDA Organic for a farm operation to be Certified Organic, it must avoid synthetic chemical inputs (such as synthetic fertilizers and synthetic pesticides), sewage sludge as a fertilizer and genetically modified (GMO) seed.
Organic products must meet the following requirements: Produced without excluded methods, (e.g., genetic engineering, ionizing radiation, or sewage sludge). … Overseen by a USDA National Organic Program-authorized certifying agent, following all USDA organic regulations.
Organic has a precise meaning under the USDA’s organic program. Certified 100% Organic means that all the ingredients in a product have been grown or raised according to the USDA’s organic standards, which are the rules for producing foods labeled organic.
People are finding that CBD is useful for many conditions which have not responded well to conventual treatments. New ailments which CBD can help treat are being discovered every day. However, the most common uses of CBD are treatment of chronic pain, anxiety, and epilepsy.
Yes, CBD is a 100% naturally-occurring chemical compound that comes directly from the cannabis plant. It is not synthetically made.
CBD edibles are food products infused with CBD. Common CBD edibles products are chocolates, gummy bears, or CBD gum. CBD edibles are an oral route of administration of CBD.
CBD gummies are a form of a CBD edible: a food product (in this case gummies) infused with CBD.
Hemp extract refers to the raw extract which is taken from a hemp plant for later processing into CBD oil or CBD products. The most common methods of extraction are CO2 and ethanol extraction.
CBD oil is a liquid cannabis extract that contains virtually pure CBD. It’s commonly made from seeds of the hemp plant (CBD hemp oil) and the stem of industrial hemp.
Most CBD products are taken orally via oil drops that are placed under the tongue and held for 60 seconds before swallowing. Topical creams and ointments are also effective.